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全國碩士研究生入學考試英語真題(1996-2010) 目錄 2010 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................... 3 Section II Reading Comprehension.........................
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全國碩士研究生入學考試英語真題(1996-2010)

目錄

2010 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................... 3

Section II Reading Comprehension.................................................................................................................3

Part A.......................................................................................................................................................... 3

Text 1.................................................................................................................................................. 3

Text 2.................................................................................................................................................. 5

Text 3.................................................................................................................................................. 6 Text 4.................................................................................................................................................. 8 Part B........................................................................................................................................................ 10

2009 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 11

Section II Reading Comprehension............................................................................................................... 11

Part A........................................................................................................................................................ 11

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 11 Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 12 Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 14 Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 15

Part B........................................................................................................................................................ 17

2009 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 18 2008 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 18

Section II Reading Comprehension...............................................................................................................19

Part A........................................................................................................................................................ 19

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 19 Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 20

Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 22

Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 23 Part B........................................................................................................................................................ 25

2008 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 26 2007 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 26

Section II Reading Comprehension...............................................................................................................27

Part A........................................................................................................................................................ 27

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 27 Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 28 Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 30

Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 31 Part B........................................................................................................................................................ 33

2007 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 34 2006 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 35

Section II Reading Comprehension...............................................................................................................35

Part A........................................................................................................................................................ 35

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 35 Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 37 Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 38

1

Part B........................................................................................................................................................ 40

2006 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 41 2005 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 42

Section II Reading Comprehension...............................................................................................................42

Part A........................................................................................................................................................ 42

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 42 Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 43 Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 45

Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 46 Part B........................................................................................................................................................ 48

2005 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 50 2004 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 50

Section III Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................50

Part A........................................................................................................................................................ 50

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 50

Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 52 Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 53

Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 55

2004 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 56 2003 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 57

Section III

Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................57

Part A........................................................................................................................................................ 57

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 57 Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 58

Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 60

2003 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 61 2002 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 62

Section III Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................62

Part A........................................................................................................................................................ 62

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 62

Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 64

2002 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 65 2001 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 65

Section III Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................66

Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 66 Text 5................................................................................................................................................ 67

2001 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 69 2000 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 69

Section III

Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................69 Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 69 Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 70

Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 72 Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 73 Text 5................................................................................................................................................ 74

2

2000 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 76 1999 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 76

Section III Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................76 Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 76 Text 5................................................................................................................................................ 77

1999 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 79 1998 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 79

Section III

Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................79

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 79 Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 80

1998 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 82 1997 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 82

Section III Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................82

Text 1................................................................................................................................................ 82 Text 2................................................................................................................................................ 84

1997 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 85 1996 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題................................................................................................. 85

Section III

Reading Comprehension...........................................................................................................85

Text 3................................................................................................................................................ 85 Text 4................................................................................................................................................ 87

1996 年考研英語真題答案..................................................................................................................................... 88

3

2010 年全國碩士研究生入學統一考試英語試題

Section II Reading Comprehension

Part A Directions:

Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)

Text 1

Of all the changes that have taken place in English-language newspapers during the past quarter-century, perhaps the most far-reaching has been the inexorable decline in the scope and seriousness of their arts coverage.

It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to imagine a time when high-quality arts criticism could be found in most big-city newspapers. Yet a considerable number of the most significant collections of criticism published in the 20th century consisted in large part of newspaper reviews. To read such books today is to marvel at the fact that their learned contents were once deemed suitable for publication in general-circulation dailies. We are even farther removed from the unfocused newspaper reviews published in England between the turn of the 20th century and the eve of World War II, at a time when newsprint was dirt-cheap and stylish arts criticism was considered an ornament to the publications in which it appeared. In those far-off days, it was taken for granted that the critics of major papers would write in detail and at length about the events they covered. Theirs was a serious business, and even those reviewers who wore their learning lightly, like George Bernard Shaw and Ernest Newman, could be trusted to know what they were about. These men believed in journalism as a calling, and were proud to be published in the daily press. ―So few authors have brains enough or literary gift enough to keep their own end up in journalism,‖ Newman wrote, ―that I am tempted to define ?journalism‘ as ?a term of contempt applied by writers who are not read to writers who are.‘‖

Unfortunately, these critics are virtually forgotten. Neville Cardus, who wrote for the Manchester Guardian from 1917 until shortly before his death in 1975, is now known solely as a writer of essays on the game of cricket. During his lifetime, though, he was also one of England‘s foremost classical-music critics, a stylist so widely admired that his Autobiography (1947) became a best-seller. He was knighted in 1967, the first music critic to be so honored. Yet only one of his books is now in print, and his vast body of writings on music is unknown save to specialists. Is there any chance that Cardus‘s criticism will enjoy a revival? The prospect seems remote. Journalistic tastes had changed long before his death, and postmodern readers have little use for the richly upholstered Vicwardian prose in which he specialized. Moreover, the amateur tradition in music criticism has been in headlong retreat.

21. It is indicated in Paragraphs 1 and 2 that

4

[A] arts criticism has disappeared from big-city newspapers.

[B] English-language newspapers used to carry more arts reviews. [C] high-quality newspapers retain a large body of readers. [D] young readers doubt the suitability of criticism on dailies.

【正確選項解析】B 由第一段的①decline in scope 和第二段的②a considerable number 都在強調以前的報紙關于藝術評論數量很多,所以選擇B

【干擾選項分析】A 比較容易排除。與第一段①矛盾,原文只是說decline, 即下降, 沒有說消失(disappear) C 比較容易排除。“高質量的報紙未喪失大量的讀者”。無中生有。 D 強干擾項。“年輕的讀者懷疑報紙上的評論不合適”。原文③:《牛津高階英漢雙解詞 典》marvel v be very surprised (and often admiring) 大為驚訝(常含贊嘆之意),表明其實 讀者是贊同:這些評論可以再報紙上刊登的。這里的doubt 表示懷疑,所以與marvel 意思相反。

22. Newspaper reviews in England before World War II were characterized by

[A] free themes. [B] casual style. [C] elaborate layout. [D] radical viewpoints.

【正確選項解析】A unfocused 的英文解釋:not concentrated at one point or upon one objective, free 的英文解釋是 unrestricted,所以 unfocused = free ,屬于同義替換。 【干擾選項分析】

B 請看《牛津高階英漢雙解詞典》字典對 casual 的解釋:(a)made or done without much care or thought; offhand 不經意的; 隨便的; 馬虎的; 臨時的(b) (derog 貶) showing little concern; nonchalant; irresponsible 漠不關心的; 無動於衷的; 不負責任的 (c) not methodical or thorough; not serious 無條理的; 不徹底的; 不認真的。這幾個意 思都是和② in detail and at length“詳細的”③ serious“嚴肅的”④calling“對做某項工

作的強

烈欲望或責任感” proud“驕傲”相矛盾的。所以不選。

C 強干擾項。elaborate 可以替換原文中的 in detail ,但是 layout(布局)無中生有,所 以本題與原文不相符合。 D radical 激進的無中生有。

23. Which of the following would Shaw and Newman most probably agree on?

[A] It is writers' duty to fulfill journalistic goals. [B] It is contemptible for writers to be journalists. [C] Writers are likely to be tempted into journalism. [D] Not all writers are capable of journalistic writing. 5



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